All of us should know about the history of the first generation of computers because when we use something it’s human nature that question arises in the mind of the user that how? How did this brilliant machine come into existence? Who would have thought of building such a useful machine that had reduced a lot of human work? Who was the person who thought that we needed a machine of such kind and why? In this article, all these questions would be answers and all the details and information about the history of the first generation of computers would be discussed briefly.
Charles Babbage and the History of the first generation of computer
Whenever the history of the first generation of computers will be discussed a name would always be the part of that discussion and that name is Charles Babbage. This man was the person who played the most basic role in the invention of the computers. Before the invention of development of the invention, the most important thing is its idea. If you don’t have any idea about the thing how can you invent it?
So, the idea is the most basic and important part of any invention. This person named Charles Babbage came with an idea to design an analytical engine for the very first time in history. After that, he himself designed the very first analytical engine and introduced it to the whole world for the first time. After that, his work became the main idea and the basic framework of the computers and this framework is being utilized to this day.
Time duration and the history of the first generation of computer
According to the history of the first generation of computers, it is clearly mentioned that the time period or the years when the first generation of computers was considered to the best technology of that time were from 1937 to 1946.
The first-ever computer amazed the world because nobody had seen such an excellent machine before this which could be so, accurate and useful for the human. So, at that time people really liked those computers and their prices were also very much higher as there were very few of these computers in the world because no manufacturing of these computers was being performed on the commercial scale.
The first electronic digital computer and the history of the first generation of computer
When we go back to the history of the first generation of computers. The historians have very responsibly saved all the dates and information that has reached us generation after generation. From this history, we came to know that the first time when a digital electronic computer was introduced to the world was in the year 1937. This year an American physicist John Vincent Atanasoff along with his colleague who was a computer scientist and his name was Clifford Berry worked for years and in the end, they finally invented the first-ever electronic digital computer.
It was a great invention as their idea of the computer has to lead the world towards modernization. They both had played an important role in all the development of the computer industry that is the reason why their name is still present in the history of the first generation of computer.
ABC Computer from the history of the first generation of computers
As we have discussed earlier from the history of the first generation of computers that two men worked for years and in the 19th century and they invented the very first electronic digital computer and both of those men became the part of the computer history.
The computer that the American Physicist named John Vincent Atanasoff and a computer scientist Clifford Berry built and invented in the nineteenth century was called the Atanasoff-Berry Computer which is also famous as the ABC computer.
Role of Colossus according to the history of the first generation of computer
In this part of the article, we are going to go through the details of the history of the first generation of computer about the role of Colossus. First of all, we should know that what Colossus actually is? The Colossus is basically a Computer and it was invented in 1943.
As we can see nowadays computers are vastly being used in the armed forces including military, navy, and especially in air forces. We can imagine a country to be safe for just even one day if all the computers being used in its armed forces departments stop working. So from this, it can be imagined that how important computer is in the departments of the armed forces.
All the progress that the computers had made in the defense department its first step was taken in 1943 when the scientist related to the military developed the first computer that was to be used for military purposes only and that computer was named as Colossus. It was a great achievement of that time because all the progress that is made today in the defense field related to computers is on the base of Colossus.
Development of ENIAC and the first generation of computer
When we go through the history of the first generation of computer we would see the word ENIAC again and again. So, the question arises what actually ENIAC is and what is its role in the history of the first generation of computer? This question would be answered in this part of the article.
The biggest and most important invention of the first generation of the computer is the computer that was built for general purpose only and tills is part of the history. The electronic numerical integrator and computer were made to perform both integration and computations in it. It was invented in the year 1946 at the end of the first generation of the computer because after this great invention the downfall of the first generation of computer technology started.
This computer was famous with the name of ENIAC and was huge in size according to history its weight was about thirty tons and it was made using the vacuum tube technology so a large number of vacuum tubes were used in its manufacturing about eighteen hundred and these vacuum tubes help the computer to perform a different task.