After the success of the first computer the second generation of computers came, now a question arises what is the second generation of computers and when it came into existence? So, we are going to tackle all such questions in this writing and will discuss this topic that what is the second generation of computers in detail with valid references and information from the history of computers. We are also going to study and evaluate what were the problems that required the second generation of computers to solve them and when did this excellent machine actually come into existence.
What are transistors and what is the second generation of computers
Every student related to the computer field has this question in his mind that what actually are the transistors and what is the second generation of computers? So, here is the answer to these questions. Actually, after the first generation of computers amazed the world with its new technology and reliability the scientists started working on the second generation of the computer because they wanted to improve the technology of the second generation of computers.
So, they kept working for years and then in 1941 a unique and amazing electronic component named as transistor came into existence it was small in size but was very reliable and could perform its electronic work effectively.
The scientists knew one of the main changes that they had to make in the second generation computers was that they had to reduce its size because the first generation computer weighed several tons so, they thought of using transistors in the computers in order to minimize their size as the transistors were quite compact in their shape and size.
So, after the hard work of several years in 1956 finally, the transistors not just became part of the computer but were the main component of second-generation computers.
According to history what is the second generation of computers
It is going to be answered here that according to history what is the second generation of computers? In the time period from the year 1956 till the year 1963 for about seven years, the technology and the computers that were based on that technology are called the second generation of computers.
After the invention of the first generation computer which completely relied on vacuum tube technology the scientists worked for many years, they did many types of research and in the end, they finally decided to use an electronic component instead of to vacuum tube, that electronic component was known as a transistor and it was what made the second generation of the computer much more advance than the first generation of computers.
This generation of computers ruled the world by its unique and advanced technology for about seven years and was very helpful for the people because of their size and other advancements they contained as compared to all the computers that the world had experienced before this generation of computers.
What is the second generation of computers and were they commercially successful
We must know about what is the second generation of computers and the role of this generation in the commercial area of life. In the second generation of computers for the very first time, it was happening that a computer was being used for commercial purposes in commercial areas all over the world. It was a great success of the technology as great ease was provided to the commercial sector by the use of computers.
Around the globe, the second generation computers were being used in offices, for business purposes, and also in universities.
It was the first time that the world witnessed that machines were being used in the offices and commercial sectors and the scientists of that time proved their ideas true and all this proved that the second generation of computers was commercially successful.
What is the second generation of computers and was it a modern-day computer
Till now we have discussed that What is the second generation of computer, and now we are going to see that whether the second generation of computer was a modern-day computer or not.
So, from history, we know that the computers that were introduced to the world before the second generation of computers were not able to be called successful as a modern-day computer but the second generation of computers was unique as compared to them as it contained many advanced features in it.
Like, it can attach a printer with it and the printer could be used to print pages, with this generation the tape and disk storage was born and in this way, the storage of the computer was increased and it was also now able to share data. Furthermore, it also has installed or stored programs in it and in this way all its advancements proved to be very helpful for the users in the commercial sectors and industrial area and so with all these specifications, we can surely say that the second generation computer surely was the modern-day computer.
What is the second generation of computers and did it used programming languages
Once a person knows that what is the second generation of computers the very next question that arises in their mind is how did it work? So, the second generation of computer worked on some program that was to be written in some programming language by some programmer and this program worked as the instructions upon which the second generation computer performed the task. So, by this, we know that the second generation of computers for sure used some programming languages.
They were not many programming languages at that time and the few that were available at that time were not user-friendly but still, they were of great use and were a unique advancement in the field of the computer industry.
The common business-oriented language and the formula translator language were the programming languages that were used in the second generation of computers.