The third generation of computers is the very first initiative that was taken towards the form of computers that we use nowadays. The main cause and the main innovation that made the third generation of computers better from the previous two generations was that the Integrated circuits were being used in these computers as their main components. It was the use of Integrated circuits which are additionally called ICs made the third generation computers extraordinarily little and negligible in size and this IC was the uniqueness of these computers. Integrated circuits were the components that these computers were called the microcomputers because ICs have genuinely reduced their size compared to the previous two generations of computers that used to cover the whole control room.
The era of the third generation of computers
After such a huge success of the second generation computers, the people’s expectations with the third generation of computers were quite high and they were really looking for some serious and useful innovations in them. In the late nineties about 1965, the macro computers of the third generation of computers were uncovered in front of the world and they survived as the best computers in the market till the year 1971. These were the times when this generation of computers managed to rule the world because of its unique specifications that were lagging in the generations that were introduced before these computers. After these years the downfall of this era of computers started as other computers with better specs were presented in the market for personal and commercial uses and those were named as the fourth generation or the fourth era of the computers.
Integrated circuit and the third generation of computers
The most important thing that differentiates the third generation of computers from the other generation is the use of integrated circuits. When something good happens after some time people expect something even better than that it’s part of human nature and this is the phenomenon that is behind all the progressions and redesigns that had happened right up ’til the present time and will occur later on. Similarly, individuals have an assumption with the registering field in this way, the third generation of computers must be a lot of in a way that is better than the past generations for the situation to satisfy the assumptions for the world. In this way, the designers utilized the most creative overhaul of that time named the integrated circuit for giving the individuals a superior, minimized yet splendid in presentation sort of computer. Subsequently, these parts named as ICs had genuinely assumed a significant job in the progression of the computer business.
The benefits of using ICs in the third generation of computers
There are a lot of benefits of using ICs in the third generation of computers because at that time in the mid-nineties of that century the ICs were the most advance and unique technology. Hence the developers of that era decided to use them in the computers for the sake of best result and they were quite successful in that and it is the reason till this day we talk about them.
Some main benefits and uses of the integrated circuits are as follows:
They are impressively small in size that an individual integrated circuit was a complete circuit in the form of a complete pack but way smaller and this pack contained the basic circuit elements like transistor and resistor in it and it worked properly
⦁ They worked perfectly and made the third generation of a computer far much reliable and better than the ancient generations.
⦁ These ICs were not known for any kind of heat production. That’s why the computers in which they were used just emitted a very negligible amount of heat.
⦁ Without any kind of doubt, the IC consisted of computers that were way faster and quicker than the other generation computers.
⦁ One of their individual and environmental advantages is that they consume very low power and in this way are very helpful energy-saving devices.
Some drawbacks of the third generation of computers
Every good thing has some bad in it in the same way where the third generation computers had a lot of advantages, uses, and benefits it also has some drawbacks too some of them as follows:
⦁ As they were the best computers available at that time and every institute and organization wanted them for personal and commercial all kind of uses so, they were quite expensive at that time.
⦁ As we know in the manufacturing of the third generation of computers the integrated circuits were used. These chips were very sensitive and they were very difficult to manage and install.
⦁ Its heat emission was very low as compared to ancient computers but still a room in which an air conditioner was needed for these computers to operate properly.
Who introduced ICs in the third generation of computers
In this portion of our article, we are going to discuss that In between the years 1958 and 1959 a famous electrical engineer from the American country named Jack St. Clair Kilby presented the idea of an integrated circuit in front of the world for the very first time. He used to work at the Texas instrument and there he researched these circuits and later as a result of his hard work he was able to invent an integrated circuit. This invention of his was an evolution for the computer industry and it completely changed this industry for good. Later this electrical engineer was given the noble price for his brilliant invention that proved to be very useful for mankind.
The languages of the third generation of computers
As before, we have discussed in detail that machine code was the language that was used in the computer for programming purposes in the same way the second era of computers used the assembly language to take input. Unlike these two generations, the third generation of computers relayed on a specific language for input purposes, and that language was known as the high-level language, this is a very decent type of language. It was very user-friendly and simple so, it made the use of these computers much easier. Some basic such kinds of languages include BASIC and JAVA.